Hispanic History and Culture
The Huntington's Hispanic collections contain printed and manuscript materials, maps, and photographs from countries where Spanish has been the predominant language or continues as a strong cultural presence. Geographically they range from the Iberian Peninsula to the Americas, and chronologically, from the 15th century to the present. They support transnational and borderlands studies as well as the history of indigenous peoples and the history of colonialism.
For earlier periods, the holdings concentrate on Spanish rule in California and Mexico. By the 20th century, the state of California is the emphasis. Resources from Spanish-governed Mexico and California illuminate the economy, religious life, indigenous peoples, and administration of the area. These include the Mexican Inquisition records, letters and books of religious orders, mission records, and governmental administrative papers, such as those of the Spanish visitor-general José de Gálvez. The Library's collection of 16th-century Mexican imprints is extensive. Especially important are its works on Native American languages.
Government broadsides and the collections of Californio families like the de la Guerras and the Morenos are examples of the important sources for Mexican California. Twentieth-century holdings that document political history range from the papers of conservative Catholic activist Pedro Villaseñor to those of pioneering Latina politician Gloria Molina. Other collections from the era include the records of the most important Spanish-language newspaper in the U.S., La Opinión, and the papers of its owners, the Lozano family. Recent collecting activity centers on under-documented aspects of Mexican-American history, such as the immigrant experience.