ORCHID COLLECTION | What Moss-tly Kills Phalaenopsis Orchids?

Posted on February 15, 2012 by Brandon Tam | Comments (10)

In the past month, you might have bought or received an orchid for Chinese New Year's or Valentine's Day. And maybe you are well aware of your bad history of killing every Phalaenopsis you buy from Trader Joe's, but you are determined this time to keep your precious plant alive.

For every 10 Phalaenopsis plants you buy today, nine of them will be potted up in Sphagnum moss. The orchid industry loves moss because it is very easy to pot and is lighter and cheaper than fir bark. The markets and nurseries adore Sphagnum moss also because it can retain water for a much longer period of time than bark, which means less watering. By the time you bring your orchid home and place it on your kitchen counter, it likely still has plenty of moisture and then some. Most orchid beginners think orchids need a lot of water, subscribing to the premise that since orchids are jungle plants, they must love to be soaked in water. But not all orchids like to be in a soaking wet potting medium; especially Phalaenopsis orchids. Too much water prevents air from reaching the roots. The moss simply retains too much water for the plant to survive. It allows molds to build-up in the root system and kills it slowly over time.

I recommend repotting orchids into bark that is of medium grade. Bark retains less water, which means you have to water it more frequently, but it will give your plant plenty of air and a better chance of surviving. Don't get me wrong. Sphagnum moss is great for orchids, but it doesn't give beginners the leeway they need to get a feel for managing the wetness levels of their new plants. At The Huntington, we stress the importance of air flow to a great extent. We repotted our whole collection of Phalaenopsis orchids into clay pots that have hand-drilled holes that provide better aeration for the plant. Terra cotta pots also dry out a bit quicker than the typical plastic that orchids comes in.

So just because it is an orchid, doesn't mean it loves to soak in water. If you do decide to keep your Phalaenopsis in moss, I would water it once every two weeks. If your leaves do get a bit limp, adjust the watering frequency to a point where it looks content. If you do decide to convert your Phalaenopsis to bark, water the plant itself before leaves start losing some stiffness. It is always better to underwater than to overwater, because once the root system has deteriorated; it is a bit harder to revive. I can guarantee that your survival rate will double as soon as you switch over to bark. Once you get a bit more experienced, you can then experiment with moss. And, when you do make that switch, do not forget to remove every trace of the moss at the roots before it becomes toxic. The acidic level within the moss does increase over time.

Captions: The Huntington's terra cotta pots with hand-drilled holes; a thriving Phalaenopsis sumatrana Var. gersenii, happy in its bark.

Brandon Tam is The Huntington's orchid specialist.


I was transplanting some orchids and noticed the pots were soaking wet which my limited knowledge says No for orchids. Your site was very help full and I took out the moss. I believe moisture should go through the pot easily for all orchids so don't put soil in but orchid mix with a good base of stones, etc. to keep the water flowing through. Is this true for all orchids? I have had good luck here in FL in my back yard. I keep dendrobians in a place that has more sun. Are there any others that do well in that kind of space? Sometimes I think it takes it's toll. Thanks again!


Thanks for the fantastic question! For a good majority of Orchids, they do like good drainage. Good drainage means good aeration and no rot. Many growers use peanuts and rocks as a way to increase drainage but I still prefer the old fashion way of using a good pot and proper watering. Be sure to use pots that have adequate sized holes for drainage and be sure not to over water. Allow time between waterings to ensure that it does dry out.

Oncidiums, Cattleyas and Cymbidiums can tolerate more sun than most orchids. For the environment you are living in currently, I would recommend that you try these three out. Best of luck with your orchid growing and hope that this helped!

Hi Kelly. Sorry to hear about the problem with your orchids. I've shared your query with our orchid folks. In the meantime, you might see if your local nursery has any tips.

Hey Kelly!

Sorry to hear about your bug problems! Have you tried using ordinary 70% rubbing isopropyl alcohol? You can find this at any Target, Walmart, or CVS in the Pharmacy Department! I would get a spray bottle attachment and spray the bug infected areas. Works every time for me!

I hope this helps!

I have had some Phaleanopsis transferred to clay for years. They flowered regularly and seem to be very happy plants.
Now I would like to do this again. I just would like to know more about when, how much and what fertiliser are good for them.

I've passed the question along to our orchid folks. In the meantime, you might check in with your local nursery and see if they have some tips.

Kate Lain
New Media Developer

Hi Brandon,

You mentioned above that Catts, Oncidiums, and Cyms can tolerate more sun. Why did you put those orchids under your phals?


Hello!! I've heard cinnamon, the same ground up cinnamon works well for a variety of orchids and their malidys. I'm trying to find home made organic medium for my phaleanopsis. I live in north florida and moss and trees are abound here. I would like to know if anyone knows I could use.
Thanks in advance and good luck:)

Please help. I have white aphids on my orchids for months. I have changed mediums, I have washed off, picked off, sprayed with Orchid insecticide, vodka, and Neem oil and they are coming back again. Please I have 26 orchids. I have lost 1 already and have tried everything.

My Phals in sphagnum moss are a few years old, have rebloomed, and look great. I water them once every 2 weeks with an ounce of water.

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