“Maurice Merlin and the American Scene, 1930–1947”
Jan. 19–April 15, 2013
Virginia Steele Scott Galleries of American Art, Susan and Stephen Chandler Wing
Maurice Merlin, Little Negro Boy (ca. 1930s), oil on canvas, 19 ½ x 23 ½ in., Collection of Peter Merlin.
MARINO, Calif. —The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical
Gardens has organized the first museum exhibition to focus on versatile
Depression-era artist Maurice Merlin (1909–47). “Maurice Merlin and the
American Scene, 1930–1947,” on view in the Susan and Stephen Chandler
Wing of the Virginia Steele Scott Galleries of American Art from Jan. 19
through April 15, 2013, brings together approximately 30 paintings,
watercolors, and prints by the little-known but highly accomplished
artist, as well as nine works by others in his circle, to shed light on
the vibrant Detroit art scene in which Merlin worked while employed by
the federal government’s Works Progress Administration (WPA).
The idea to produce an exhibition on Merlin began with a gift to The Huntington of Merlin’s Public Demonstration (1940, screen print) from collector Hannah Kully.
we began to research and soon realized this was a great opportunity to
shed some light on a little-known, politically engaged artist who looked
beyond his immediate community for his subjects,” said Jessica Todd
Smith, Virginia Steele Scott Chief Curator of American Art at The
Huntington. “He depicted the struggles of Detroit’s African Americans
and others who suffered during the Depression.”
Sioux City Iowa, Merlin studied at the Art Institute of Chicago from
1929 to 1931 and moved to Detroit in the late 1930s. During that time,
he focused on topical subjects, including job strikes, unemployed
workers, despoiled farmland, and the African American community there.
Like other artists in his circle who are represented in the exhibition,
such as Frank Cassara, Basil Hawkins, and Charles Pollock, Merlin
addressed the social tensions that challenged the city and the nation
during the Great Depression; and, like his friends, he found employment
with the WPA.
Merlin’s art reflected his strong social
conscience. Family members recall his participation in Detroit hunger
marches. In a striking example, Black Legion Widow
(1936, linocut) depicts the widow and child of Charles Poole, an
unemployed autoworker who was murdered by members of the Black Legion,
an offshoot of the Ku Klux Klan centered in Michigan and Ohio. And,
though not about a specific political event, Merlin’s Little Negro Boy
(late 1930s, oil on canvas) is a sensitive portrayal of poverty’s
effects on African Americans and a testament to the breadth of the
artist’s social engagement.
In Detroit, Merlin married and
had a son. Later, he entered the Army to serve in World War II and was
stationed at Fort Benning, Ga., and then at Fort Meade, Md. While
enlisted, he painted small watercolors of army life and Southern
sharecropper shacks. After the war, the family moved to Los Angeles,
where Merlin found employment as a commercial artist.
his career was cut short by an untimely death from cancer in 1947,
Merlin produced a surprisingly wide-ranging body of work, some of which
is housed in the National Gallery of Art and the Library of Congress,
which has loaned a print for the exhibition.
“In the end,”
said James Glisson, Bradford and Christine Mishler Assistant Curator of
American Art, “we’re presenting a wide range of media—from posters to
woodcuts, from paintings to sketches for commercial commissions—that
begin to tell the story of this under-recognized artist whose work
reflects such a tumultuous period of American history.”
exhibition has been generously supported by the Susan and Stephen
Chandler Exhibition Endowment, funds from Steve Martin for exhibitions
of American art, and the Sam Francis Foundation.
Curator Tour: Maurice Merlin and the American Scene, 1930–1947
Feb. 6, 4:30–5:30 p.m.—James Glisson, Bradford and Christine Mishler
Assistant Curator of American Art, leads a private tour of the
exhibition. Members: $15. Non-Members: $20. Registration: 626-405-2128.
CONTACTS: Thea M. Page, 626-405-2260, firstname.lastname@example.org
Lisa Blackburn, 626-405-2140, email@example.com
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[EDITOR’S NOTE: High-resolution digital images available on request for publicity use.]
About The Huntington
Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens is a
collections-based research and educational institution serving scholars
and the general public. More information about The Huntington can be
found online at huntington.org.
Huntington is located at 1151 Oxford Rd., San Marino, Calif., 12 miles
from downtown Los Angeles. It is open to the public Monday, Wednesday,
Thursday, and Friday from noon to 4:30 p.m.; and Saturday, Sunday, and
Monday holidays from 10:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Summer hours (Memorial Day
through Labor Day) are 10:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Closed Tuesdays and major
holidays. Admission on weekdays: $20 adults, $15 seniors (65+), $12
students (ages 12–18 or with full-time student I.D.), $8 youth (ages
5–11), free for children under 5. Group rate, $11 per person for groups
of 15 or more. Members are admitted free. Admission on weekends: $23
adults, $18 seniors, $13 students, $8 youth, free for children under 5.
Group rate, $14 per person for groups of 15 or more. Members are
admitted free. Admission is free to all visitors on the first Thursday
of each month with advance tickets. Information: 626-405-2100 or huntington.org.
Maurice Merlin, Cityscape (after 1942). Watercolor, 22 x 16 in. Merlin Family Collection.
Maurice Merlin, Mobilizing Michigan (c. 1941-43). Serigraph, 28 x 22 in. framed. Library of Congress.
Maurice Merlin, Black Legion Widow (1936). Linocut, 8 x 6 in. Collection of Ed and Karen Ogul, Franklin, Michigan.
Maurice Merlin, Public Demonstration (1940). Screen print. Gift to The Huntington from print collector Hannah Kully.
Maurice Merlin, Self Portrait (late 1930s). Lithograph, 10 1/2 x 12 1/2 in. Private Collection.